INTRODUCTION. Procedural learning disorder, or non-verbal learning disorder, affects the automation of perceptual motor and cognitive skills and routines. AIM. To further our knowledge of the neurocognitive dysfunction in this disorder and, more specifically, to analyse the difficulties experienced when going from recognition of the constituting elements of something to an understanding of the whole. DEVELOPMENT. Contrasting simultaneous visual information and the swift recognition of contradictions are especially difficult abilities for children with procedural learning disorder. CONCLUSIONS. These difficulties may reflect a central coherence dysfunction and can partly account for the deficient ability to adapt their social behaviour displayed by these children.